The New Republic: The Supreme Court Could Save Tribal Sovereignty—or Demolish It

The Indian Child Welfare Act, or ICWA, is one of the most vital tools that Native people have at their disposal to guard against cultural genocide. Enacted in 1978, ICWA was a response to a long-running crisis among Native people: Native children, in large numbers, were being separated from their families and communities by state and private adoption agencies and being disproportionately placed with families at a substantial remove from Native culture and tradition. The federal law imposed safeguards on state courts to help place Native children with Native families and prevent further damage.

Those successes are now in danger from a legal campaign that hopes to demolish the ICWA—and much more.

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